Depression : Health risks and seek treatment
Health risks and seek treatment
Suresh Kumar Lau
World Health Day is celebrated every year on April 7 to landmark the anniversary setting up World Health Organization(WHO) in 1948. The World Health Day has recognized Depression as priority area of global health concern as the theme for the World Health Day 2017. The World Federation for Mental Health proposes that depression is a global crisis because it disturbs more than 300 million people around the world. Over five crore Indians have depression as per WHO estimates. By 2020, it will be the second leading cause of ailment globally. Anybody can develop depression at any age, sex and it could be because of something within you as a result of an external facet.
WHO has pinpointed strong links between depression and other non communicable disorders and diseases. Depression becomes a psychological disorder when it is severe, frequent long-lasting. People with this depression tend to:
- Appear listless and passive
- Feel hopeless about the future
- Show sleeping habits and disrupted eating
- Have low self esteem
- Feeling of worthlessness
- Guilt or hopelessness
- Thought of self harm or suicide
According to Dr. Shekhar Saxena, Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO, “A better understanding of depression and how it can be treated, while essential, is just the beginning. What needs to follow is sustained scale-up of mental health services accessible to everyone, even the most remote populations in the world.” Good health is not just physical; it is mental and emotional too. So it is important to do something that de-stresses you and contributes to your quality of life.
Sadness, Stress and Depression
Employers experience hardship when employees become less productive and are unable to work. Stress can also lead to feeling of depression or sadness. We all have felt depressed at times which we might call feeling something else, like “unhappy”, “sad” or “blue”. Sadness is when we tend to feel sad about something whereas depression is where we feel sad about everything. We all have experienced sadness in one form or the other.
These feelings are normal part of life for children, adults and old aged. The difference between normal depression and depression as a serious disorder is a form of difference of degree. Depression becomes a psychological disorder when it is severe, frequent and long lasting.
Depression and Exercise
Regular physical activity can help and manage mental health problems as depression and anxiety. Food is the fuel that we take into our bodies and exercise creates the energy that uses up this fuel. The benefit of regular exercise are almost impossible to overvalue. As well as promoting physical fitness and escalated energy, exercise has immediate effect on anxieties and worries. It is difficult to remain angry, worried or anxious which your mind and body are engaged in physical activity. In addition, physical exercise is an ideal release for built up tension, frustration and bottled-up aggression, neutralizing mental as well as muscular stress.
Research shows that powerful brain chemical are released during strenuous exercise. These are called endorphins, morphine like substances associated with happiness and well being.
Exercise decreases risk of Depression
Psychiatrists have found that patients who do physical exercise regularly require less medication than those who do not and what is more significant, the severity of their symptoms seems to decrease. This is especially factual of patients who suffer from depression, both endogenous (depression with no known participating part)and reactive(depression in reaction to external factors).
In fact, exercise can often disperse negative mental states such as depression and anxiety. The right balanced diet and regular exercise can form the basis of healthy, relaxed and stress-proof happy life. Depression is the leading cause of ill health and disability.
Adhere to your Doctor’s advice
For someone living with depression, chatting to a person they trust is again and again the first step towards treatment and recovery. At around the same time of day, as advised by your doctor, the simple modification in lifestyle with adherence to drug treatment prescribed by them is highly effective if adopted earlier.